How to Grow a Coconut Tree
Coconuts taste delicious and the liquid can be used for a variety of products that are good for the body and the skin. You can grow your own coconut trees but you must have the right conditions. They don’t do well in dry areas as they need to be irrigated often. They also don’t do well in areas that are water logged because they stay too wet. In this article, let’s see how to grow a coconut tree.
It can be fun to grow your own coconut trees, and it is easier than you think. With the right information, you will get results! You don’t need to have farm land to get the job done. Not when it comes to growing enough coconuts for personal use. Coconut Oil is a vegetable oil , also known as cocoa butter . It is a fatty substance that contains about 90% acid.
Coconut trees are often referred to as palms due to the wide span of the leaves they portray. With that in mind, you need to space the trees out enough to compensate for the amount of room the trees are going to need.
In order for a new coconut tree to grow, the germination process must be completed. To ensure that happens, get a fresh coconut with the husk on it. Shake it close to your ear and it should sound like there is some liquid inside of it. Place the coconut into a bucket of water and allow it to remain submerged for 3 days.
Obtain a medium sized pot that has drain holes at the bottom of it. Fill it with well drained potting soil. Adding a small amount of vermiculite ensures proper drainage. You can also mix 40% potting soil, 10% vermiculite, and 40% coarse sand to create the environment for your coconut tree.
The pot should be at least 12 inches deep or the roots won’t grow. Find the pointed side of the coconut and place that area of it into the soil. About 1/3 of the coconut should be above the soil. If too much of it is covered, it won’t successfully sprout.
Coconut plants need a warm area for the germination to take place and for the plants to grow. Place the pot in a location where it can absorb plenty of sunlight each day. The temperature needs to be at least 70 F daily. Keep an eye on the soil as you want it to be moist but not over saturated.
They grow best in locations that are humid rather than dry. They also grow well in areas that have plenty of regular rainfall. Of course you can water them to make up the difference if your climate doesn’t offer enough natural rainfall to accommodate the growth needs of coconut plants.
If there is water standing still then the coconut seedling can rot. Then your plant won’t germinate at all. It will take from 3 to 6 months for the seedling to be visible depending on the climate. Warmer temperatures will give you the earliest arrival. In some locations, it can take up to 9 months so be patient.
While you won’t be able to see what is going on, the coconut has plenty of changes taking shape. First, the husk will split at the bottom, and this is what will cause the creation of the roots. It can be several months later before the husk splits at the top. This is when it will start to have sprouts, called fronds. Your coconut will be growing quite a bit to that point but it won’t be until the top splits that you can visually see it.
Your coconut tree will grow at a steady pace if you continue to ensure it has enough sunlight and enough water. Remember, too much water can damage it. You don’t want the water to be sitting there; it always has to be well drained soil. In order to keep your coconut tree healthy and growing, it needs the right balance of fertilizer.
Use a product that has boron, manganese, and magnesium included in it. If you live in an area that gets colder during certain times of the year, your coconut plants will have to be moved indoors where they can stay warm. Make sure you don’t place them by the doors or windows where a draft can be too cool for them.
The cold can create a type of fungus that will kill your coconut trees. They shouldn’t be left out in conditions where the overnight temperature will drop below 40 degrees F. A greenhouse may be a good solution to help offer them protection from the cold and from the elements.
In addition to paying close attention to the water and the sunlight factors, coconut plants occasionally need to be pruned. This is especially true during the summer months. By removing the older fronds, there are more nutrients for those which are just emerging. Every 3 months check the fertilizer levels with a testing kit. If the soil lacks the right balance then the coconut plants are less likely to thrive and produce coconuts. Add 1.5 pounds of fertilizer mix for every 100 square feet.
If the fronds on the coconut trees turn yellow, they are infected with a pathogenic illness that can kill them. You will need to call a professional arborist to inject antibiotics. You can also have them come twice a year as a method of prevention.
If you leave your coconut trees in pots, they can live about 5 or 6 years before they stop producing. After that, they may have a very low production or none at all. You also have the option of transferring the coconut tree out of the pot and into your back yard once the seedlings are showing. This is only an option if you live where it is warm all year long. Then your coconut trees can live 20 to 30 years.
Depending on the type of coconut tree, it can take several years before you see any coconuts growing. For larger trees that are planted into your yard, it can take at least 5 years for the coconuts to develop. As the tree gets older, it will increase production, hit its peak, and then decline.
We have learned how to grow a coconut tree. Where you live is the right place, start growing coconut trees and enjoy its benefits.
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