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Top 10 Countries for Coconuts
It may surprise you to learn coconuts are grown and harvested from locations all over the world! How they grow them, size, shape, and even taste can all depend on where they are grown. More than 80 countries around the world grow them. Almost all coconuts are grown in areas where there is plenty of water due to the irrigation needs. Here are the top 10 countries for coconuts they come from.
The Philippines harvests the highest number of coconuts annually. This is a prime part of their overall economy. Yet almost all of what is produced is exported. The coconut is very important to them and they refer to it as the tree of life. This is because of the variety of products the trees offer for their living in addition to the coconuts they export.
In order to grow the best coconuts in the Philippines, land is carefully selected. The area needs access to water for irrigation but not land that is water logged. Ideally, areas that get plenty of rain water are used. The soil must be at least 1 meter deep.
There are over 1 million acres of land in Indonesia with coconut trees covering them. The demand for coconuts means more land is always being identified as a potential place where it could be grown. The concern in Indonesia is they can’t keep up with the demand. Many of the coconut trees are 50 years old. The average lifespan for them is about 20 to 30 years. Therefore, they produce less than they once did per tree.
However, there are plenty of replanting opportunities in place and incentives for doing so. The goal is to have new ones in place that will replace the older trees. As a result, the production levels can increase without the need for dramatically increasing the amount of land use for coconut trees.
The overall economy of India is heavily supported by the coconut industry. The areas of Kerala and Tamil Nadu are the biggest producers in this country. The coastal areas of India offer some prime locations for them to grow well. The two varieties they offer are the tall and the dwarf.
Due to the limited space in some areas, coconut trees are grown along with other forms of agriculture. This includes the pineapple and sweet potatoes. The leaves from the coconut trees are dense so it allows enough sunlight to still get to other crops.
Approximately 82% of all agriculture in Brazil is coconuts. The tall coconut trees grow very easy here due to the climate. There is the right balance of sunshine, rain, and humidity to allow them to be prosperous. Most of the production of coconuts in Brazil is done by major companies including CoGent Network.
While there is an abundance of coconuts grown in Sri Lanka, that hasn’t always been the cause. Issues with land ownership, politics, and not always enough equipment to get land ready has created long term concerns.
There are efforts in place though to make coconut production in Sri Lanka more efficient. They are created, implemented, and evaluated by CDA (Coconut Development Authority). They also work with exporters to establish credible long term relationships with buyers.
The most well-known company in Thailand offering coconuts is Thai Coconut Company. They have revolutionized the growing, harvesting, and exporting process in this country. They continue to introduce new coconut based products and to pave the way for other companies to follow that lead.
They also have one of the highest quality standards in place around the world for coconuts and coconut based products. They take pride in going above and beyond what is required by law. They hope by aiming high other companies will do the same.
Few consumers realize Mexico is a location where coconuts are grown. While they aren’t as numerous as the above mentioned countries, they still provide a generous contribution for consumers. In 2014, an incentive by Munguia Ramos was shared which has a vision of increasing the production by 10 times the current amount.
The proposal includes identified locations where new coconut plants can be placed. It also includes methods for harvesting and coconut care in order to increase production from current plants. It will be interesting to see what happens in the near future regarding coconut production in Mexico.
Coconut offered from Vietnam is often smaller than what you will find from other countries. Yet it is also sweeter. It is often used in coconut candy and coconut jelly products. There are 8 large coconut planters in Vietnam and they all continue to create strong relationships with exporters. They continue to consider better growing methods to increase production and to ensure older plants get replaced timely.
Papua New Guinea
Production of coconut in Pupua New Guinea may soon be on the rise. This is due to CCI and their standards for production. They also offer increased training and tools for those that take care of coconut plants. The outcome is more efficiency, less waste, and work that is completed in far less time.
Some of the more expensive coconuts come from Tanzania. However, they seem to be offering something that is unique. They are used in high quality products such as extra Virgin Coconut Oil. Consumers are willing to pay more for the quality of these products due to what they offer. There is a demand for the best value possible with some of the coconut related products.
No matter where the coconuts you consume derive from, there is no denying they are delicious! Many of the coconuts harvested are used for making an array of products to be eaten, for beauty, and for health. As more has been learned about the value of coconuts, the demand for them continues. Not only from these top 10 locations around the world but from the other countries that offer them at a lower production level.
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