Being pregnant is an incredible time. However, growing and building a healthy baby requires serious nutrition and energy. The mind and body of a pregnant woman undergoes so many things-psychologically, emotionally and physically. That is why; when you get pregnant, you are required to do every little thing you can so that your body feels strong and good. This will also make sure that you are consuming all the proper nutrients needed for the healthy growth of your baby. There are a few things that you know- do not consume alcohol, do not smoke, do not take runny eggs, coffee, unpasteurized cheese and raw fish. Apart from all these things, it is highly recommended that your body get a little additional help for your own sake as well as for your unborn baby. This additional boost in pregnancy can be taken by consuming some pregnancy supplements.
Benefits of Vitamins and Supplements for Pregnancy
For normal operations of the body, vitamins are much essential. And, it becomes even more indispensible during pregnancy. A pregnant woman’s diet should consist of different varieties of food containing proteins, vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates and fats. They supply nutrients needed for the growth of the baby as well as for the health of the mother. However, it is equally crucial to take these minerals and vitamins in appropriate amounts during pregnancy.
Beta Carotene and Vitamin A
Both these elements are essential for the growth of teeth and bones. Almost 770 micrograms (mcg) of Beta Carotene and Vitamin A are required for a pregnant lady. It is mostly there in eggs, milk, potatoes, pumpkin, cantaloupe, carrots, broccoli, spinach, green and orange/ yellow fruits and orange/yellow vegetables. There are some other foods like salmon, fortified cereals of breakfast, etc. which have good amounts of Vitamin A. Deficiency of Vitamin A is not common in women or newly born babies. It is recognized for helping in the development of a strong reproductive system. It is also effective in diminishing health problems in malnourished women during or post pregnancy. Deficiency of this vitamin is responsible for Xerophthalmiain pregnant ladies and also amplifies the risk of anemia. The deficiency also results in slow growth of infants.
Thiamin or Vitamin B1
Vitamin B1 is needed to increase levels of energy and regulate your nervous system. Vitamin B1 deficiency in the mother may result in Infantile Beriberi in the unborn baby. The babies are also affected by Beriberi through the milk of their mother. The deficiency may also result in inflammation of outer nerves of the brain or peripheral neuritis.
Vitamin B1 is found in wheat germ, whole grain cereals, kidney beans, fortified cereals, Brussels sprouts, tomatoes, eggplant, spinach, green peas, mushrooms, nuts, rice, legumes, pasta, organ meats, eggs, and pork. A pregnant woman requires almost 1.4 milligrams of Vitamin B. It is recommended that you should not overcook the food and also, do not keep it in the refrigerator for long. It destroys the Vitamin B1 in food.
Riboflavin or Vitamin B2
Vitamin B2 is required to maintain good eyesight, good levels of energy and healthy skin. Sources of this vitamin include eggs, dairy products, poultry, meat, fish, mushrooms, broccoli, avocado, millet, dried peas, beans, fortified cereals, leafy green vegetables such as asparagus, spinach. Pregnant ladies require 1.4 milligrams of Vitamin B2. This vitamin is essential in pregnancy since or promotes healthy growth of body tissues and reproductive organs.
Niacin or Vitamin B3
Vitamin B3 is required for assistance in digestion and growth of nerves. It also helps to keep up healthy skin. It is mostly found in legumes, high protein food, brown rice, curd, eggs, potatoes, fortified cereals, peanuts, cheese, brewers’ yeast, barley, breads, oats, meat, fish, and milk.
Pyridoxine or Vitamin B6
It helps pregnant ladies to prevail over morning sickness, vomiting and nausea. It assists in the formation of Red Blood Cells or RBCs. Development of the brain and immune system of the baby is also assisted by Vitamin B6 during pregnancy. Sources of Vitamin B6 are fish, eggs, poultry, soybeans, pork, liver, beans, peas, broccoli, cantaloupe, carrots, cauliflower, cabbage, carrots, spinach, soya bean, sunflower seeds, banana, wheat germ, whole grains, cereals, peanuts, brown rice, walnuts, oats, and bran. Other sources include non-citrus fruits and starchy vegetables like potatoes. Pregnant women require almost 1.9 milligrams of Vitamin B6.
It helps in increasing immunity level of the body. In addition, it also assists the body in absorbing iron. Vitamin C is an antioxidant, which means that it defends the body tissues from injury. Sources of Vitamin C include strawberries, broccoli, papaya, green beans, potatoes, bell peppers, and tomatoes. Citrus fruits mostly consist of vitamin C. A pregnant woman requires 80-85 milligrams of Vitamin C. Barlow disease is the result of deficiency of Vitamin C in the newborn baby.
It is an anti-rachitic vitamin which helps in the creation of teeth and bones. It assists the body to make most use of phosphorus and calcium and thus, protects the fetus and mother. The pregnant woman requires 5 micrograms of Vitamin D. Sources of Vitamin D include egg, milk, margarine, meat, soy products, fish (particularly fatty fish), powdered milk, and natural sunlight.
It is important for its antioxidant properties. Vitamin E is employed by cells to perform vital operations of our body. It also assists in widening of our blood vessels and development of our immune system. Vitamin E plays a major role in the treatment of toxemia of pregnancy, neo-natal jaundice, and IUGR (Intra Uterine Growth Retardation).
It is useful in healing problems of blood clotting. It also assists in putting off neonatal hemorrhage in newly born baby. Sources of Vitamin K are sprouts, leafy green vegetables, broccoli, cabbage, meat, eggs, and fish. A pregnant woman requires almost 90 micrograms of Vitamin K.
The vitamins mentioned above are crucial for healthy pregnancy as well as proper development and growth of the fetus. However, if you are deficient in any of the vitamins, you must take the higher dosage under the supervision of your doctor only. Pregnant ladies, let’s take Organic Supplements and have a healthy baby.
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